Duration : (2014-04-10 - 2021-01-31)
Mr. Yuba Raj Bhusal was born in Purkot, Banjhakateri VDC-6 Gulmi,on May 27, 1957. He pursued his primary education from his native village and secondary education from Himalaya High School, Dhurkot, Gulmi. He completed his undergraduate (1975-79) studies in Economics and Political Science from Prithvi Narayan Campus, Pokhara, Nepal. He did his M.A. and B.L. from Tribhuvan University, Nepal in 1983 and 1984 respectively. Mr. Bhusal later pursued post-graduate studies in Regional Development Planning and Management from the University of Dortmund, Germany. Finally, he completed his M. Sc. from the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand in 1996. He was awarded Mahendra Vidyabhushan (Gold Medal) by the then King in 1997 for his outstanding academic performance and had also won topper-student stipend for standing ever first in his College days.
Mr. Bhusal had joined Nepalese Civil Service in 1980 as a Section Officer and was promoted to Local Development Officer (LDO) in 1986. During his tenure as LDO (1986-94), he served as an ex-officio Secretary of the District Development Committees (DDC). His illustrious works with the elected political officials of the DDC, under the partyless (Panchayat) and multi-party regimes, was highly commendable. His understanding of cultural sensitivity was revealed when he successfully managed to establish and retain effective working relations in multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-party political milieu.
He was promoted to the position of Joint Secretary in 1997. After briefly working at the Ministry of General Administration, he joined the Ministry of Finance (MOF), Nepal in early 1998. At the MOF, he was the Chief of the Budget and Program Division. Under his dynamic leadership, three annual budgets were formulated (1999-2001). He also led the preparation of Nepal's first Budget Manual 2000 to be utilized for budgeting by public sector agencies. He served as a Member of the high-level Pay Commission, 1999 mandated for revising the pay scale of the public sector employees. The then Government respected its recommendations and substantially increased their salary. Mr. Bhusal worked as the Member-Secretary of the Public Expenditure Review Commission (PERC), 2000. The PERC had recommended for essential expenditure reforms, which were later implemented by the government. This report guided the initiatives for the first time in Nepal to prioritize the development programs/projects (P1, P2, P3) under different criteria and the Medium Term Expenditure Framework was also introduced.
The Government of Nepal deputed Mr. Bhusal to the position of Nepalese Consul General in Kolkata, India from 2001 to 2004. He took several proactive initiatives to strengthen bilateral relationship between Nepal and India. He also stimulated trade, transit and bi-lateral investments through economic diplomacy. It was Mr. Bhusal who had first flagged off the direct-train bound for Inland Container Depot (ICD) at Birgunj dry-port, Nepal from Kolkata in July 2004 (http://nepalitimes.com/news.php?id=2622).
His versatile capacity in the area of program/provincial budgeting system was also recognized by UNDP whilst it selected him, through a competitive examination, as the Int’l Provincial Budgeting Advisor to the Ministry of Finance, Kabul, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan for the period of 2007-08.
Mr. Bhusal had worked with the Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers (OPMCM), Nepal for about three years as a Joint Secretary. He had initiated to modernize and establish information technology-friendly infrastructure, grievance handling procedures, coordination, and monitoring and evaluation desk for the Line Ministries. While serving as the OPMCM’s spokesperson, he operationalized a modern documentation system too. Meanwhile, he was assigned the responsibility of Acting Secretary in the Ministry of Land Reforms and Management (2005-06). Among other reform initiatives, Mr. Bhusal’s foremost contribution was the concept of land banking he brought to light. Later, he served as the Member-Secretary of a high-level Administrative Restructuring Commission (2008-09), where he prepared its first Interim Report.
When Mr. Bhusal was promoted to the post of (permanent) Secretary in July 2009, his first assignment was at the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation. He initiated several efforts to secure convergence between conservation and development. Main programs realized were the forest resource assessment (FRA) project, formulation of ten years multi-stakeholder forestry sector strategy, initiation of Rashtrapati Chure conservation program, maintaining cross border biological corridor program, Mt. Kailash Landscape program, Hariyo Ban program etc. Moreover, under Mr. Bhusal’s proactive leadership Banke National Park was announced and implemented, SAWEN was established, MOU with China was signed to control cross-border trade on wildlife, Madhane, Panchase, Tinjure-Milke etc. were declared protected forests.
His study on regional development planning was well utilized when the Government of Nepal assigned him to work as a Member-Secretary of the National Planning Commission (NPC) from May 2011 to April 2014. He coordinated the formulation of the 12th (detailed) and the 13th (Approach Paper) socio-economic development plans along with their annual programs. Mr. Bhusal also led a team in finalizing the United Nations Development Assistance Framework, UNDAF (2013-17) for Nepal. He initiated the Climate Change Budget Code that won GSSD Expo award 2013, established Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Program Secretariat, and signed to establish SMES II, SPMC projects in NPC Secretariat.
Mr. Bhusal has been serving as the Finance Secretary for the Ministry of Finance since April 2014.
By and large, during his more than three decades of highly progressive accomplishments in the civil service of Nepal, Mr. Bhusal has contributed in various areas of national priorities. His major contributions are in the areas of poverty alleviation in the rural areas through strategic planning, public financial management, resources mobilization and utilization, mainstreaming gender issues in the development process, land use policy and land use management, forest resource management, administrative restructuring, civil service reforms and socio-economic development plans.
Mr. Bhusal has visited about three dozens of countries leading various high-level meetings, workshops, seminars, conferences, and training programs in international/regional cooperation agencies like WB group, UNDESA, Rio+20, UNDP, UNICEF, UNFCCC, UNFF, UNEP, UNCBD including its COP 10, World Forestry Congress 2010, World Conservation Forum, UNESCAP, BIMSTEC, SAARC, ICIMOD, Commonwealth and the Colombo Plan. He has been greatly involved in the MDGs, SDGs, SAARC development goals and the IPOA/LDC graduation processes.
He has published dozens of research articles and position papers in leading national and international Magazines and Journals. Through his outstanding academic performance both in Nepal and abroad, his experience of working at the local and central government of Nepal in development/governance/economic issues, and his successful completion of assignments in international organizations, he has proved himself as a versatile and successful public sector professional figure.
A native speaker of Nepali, Mr. Bhusal is fluent in English and Hindi. He understands Sanskrit, Urdu and Bangla, while moderately communicates in German, Persian/Dari, and Japanese languages too. Interested in swimming, hiking and trekking, Mr. Bhusal loves to travel especially in the countryside. He is happily living with his wife Mrs. Urmila Bhusal, two sons and a daughter.